LOCK BLOCK WALL DESIGN MANUAL



Lock Block Wall Design Manual

Home Verti-Block. VERSA-LOK provides the best value in segmental retaining wall solutions for everything from intricate landscaping features to tall, commercial walls. VERSA-LOK retaining wall units offer a pleasing appearance and endless design options, while also delivering the most cost-effective and stable retaining wall …, Foundation.All concrete block walls must rest on a sturdy foundation of poured concrete. The depth and size of the foundation will vary depending on the size of the concrete block wall and the weight it must support, but a typical freestanding wall requires a foundation that is about twice as wide as the wall itself and which extends about 1 foot down below the frost line..

Concrete Block Retaining Wall Systems Adbri Masonry

Final Engineering Retaining Wall Designs Versa-Lok. Construction of Concrete Block Retaining Wall with Steps. Concrete block retaining wall construction consists of number of phases including excavation, foundation soil preparation, retaining wall base construction, concrete block unit placement, grouting and drainage system installation. These phases are explained briefly:, To service you better we have detected that you are currently located in. If this is not correct, you may change it by closing this window and changing your region by ….

VERSA-LOK provides the best value in segmental retaining wall solutions for everything from intricate landscaping features to tall, commercial walls. VERSA-LOK retaining wall units offer a pleasing appearance and endless design options, while also delivering the most cost-effective and stable retaining wall … VERSA-LOK provides the best value in segmental retaining wall solutions for everything from intricate landscaping features to tall, commercial walls. VERSA-LOK retaining wall units offer a pleasing appearance and endless design options, while also delivering the most cost-effective and stable retaining wall …

For over 25 years, Lock-Block Ltd. has been revolutionizing the retaining wall industry. Our Lock-Blockв„ў units are well suited for any retaining wall project. There are many shapes to construct a functional and aesthetically pleasing wall. Please visit our product page to see the wide variety of Lock-Blockв„ў units available for your project. Foundation.All concrete block walls must rest on a sturdy foundation of poured concrete. The depth and size of the foundation will vary depending on the size of the concrete block wall and the weight it must support, but a typical freestanding wall requires a foundation that is about twice as wide as the wall itself and which extends about 1 foot down below the frost line.

For over 25 years, Lock-Block Ltd. has been revolutionizing the retaining wall industry. Our Lock-Blockв„ў units are well suited for any retaining wall project. There are many shapes to construct a functional and aesthetically pleasing wall. Please visit our product page to see the wide variety of Lock-Blockв„ў units available for your project. Segmental Block Gravity Walls: e.g., Lock-Block walls, Allen Block walls. Mechanically Stabilized Earth (MSE) alls: Sometimes referred to as Structural Earth Walls (SEW)W and Retained Soil Systems (RSS). Also includes green walls in which the wall facing supports vegetation growth. These walls typically use a range of proprietary facing

manual to design and detail culverts. Fill Height - The vertical distance from the top of the top slab of a culvert to the riding surface of the roadway above it. Geotechnical Engineer - A licensed professional engineer designated a specialist in the soils or geotechnical field. Haunch - The increase in thickness of a culvert's walls or slabs Datapath's Wall Designer is the perfect solution to creating and managing an entire display project. Created to work seamlessly with Datapath's Fx4, Fx4-SDI and Hx4 Multi-display Controllers. Wall Designer allows project builders to easily design complex displays of all sizes and configurations.

Datapath's Wall Designer is the perfect solution to creating and managing an entire display project. Created to work seamlessly with Datapath's Fx4, Fx4-SDI and Hx4 Multi-display Controllers. Wall Designer allows project builders to easily design complex displays of all sizes and configurations. Well engineered, concrete solutions. Created in 1984, Lock-Blockв„ў concrete units were the first of Lock-Block Ltd's products to feature their signature proprietary interlocking key design, establishing the company as a leader in pre-cast concrete block retaining wall systems.

Lock + Load is wet cast manufactured panel made with 5500 psi, 6% air entrained, fiber/steel reinforced concrete and when the counterfort is attached, produces the largest manual installed retaining wall system. Recycled forms produce high quality panels, corners, and trim units to guarantee dimensionally accurate units during each Retaining Wall Design Charts . The design charts provided by ReCon are an excellent guide to quickly determine the wall height capabilities of the ReCon system in varying site and soil conditions. Download them and use them as a reference guide.

Design and Construction Manual . At ReCon, we are proud of our tradition of offering a big block retaining wall product line that adds value for our customers, and for our retaining wall design and retaining wall contractor partners. Whether the ReCon application focuses on the scale and aesthetics of the ReCon Block, the durability of the wet Retaining Wall Design Charts . The design charts provided by ReCon are an excellent guide to quickly determine the wall height capabilities of the ReCon system in varying site and soil conditions. Download them and use them as a reference guide.

Segmental Retaining Walls Best Practices Guide Table of Contents 1 contained within NCMA’s Design Manual for Segmental Retaining Walls (Ref. 1), but are equally applicable regardless of the design methodology selected. The creation of this resource was driven by the establishment of NCMA’s Zero Failures Initiative; an industry-wide program to educate owners, designers, site civil manual to design and detail culverts. Fill Height - The vertical distance from the top of the top slab of a culvert to the riding surface of the roadway above it. Geotechnical Engineer - A licensed professional engineer designated a specialist in the soils or geotechnical field. Haunch - The increase in thickness of a culvert's walls or slabs

How to Build a Retaining Wall YouTube

Lock block wall design manual

Walls Interlock Concrete Products. Boral manufactures and supplies concrete masonry products in Australia and is recognized as a leading supplier in the paving, landscaping and retaining wall markets with industry-leading range of concrete block and retaining wall products., Design and Construction Manual . At ReCon, we are proud of our tradition of offering a big block retaining wall product line that adds value for our customers, and for our retaining wall design and retaining wall contractor partners. Whether the ReCon application focuses on the scale and aesthetics of the ReCon Block, the durability of the wet.

Insulated Concrete Forms (ICF) Technical Library

Lock block wall design manual

AB Engineering Manual Allan Block Wall Systems. Design & Construction Manuals. The Keystone Construction Manual was developed as a tool to aide in the design and construction of Keystone structural products including Keystone Standard units, Keystone Compac units, Keystone Century Wall and Keystone Country Manor. Click on any link below to download a specific section of the manual. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lock_(water_transport) Table of Contents Segmental Retaining Walls Best Practices Guide. 2 Segmental Retaining Walls Best Practices Guide Segmental Retaining Walls Best Practices Guide for the Specification, Design, Construction, and Inspection of SRW Systems About NCMA Acknowledgments The National Concrete Masonry Association (NCMA) is an international trade association representing producers and ….

Lock block wall design manual


Segmental Block Gravity Walls: e.g., Lock-Block walls, Allen Block walls. Mechanically Stabilized Earth (MSE) alls: Sometimes referred to as Structural Earth Walls (SEW)W and Retained Soil Systems (RSS). Also includes green walls in which the wall facing supports vegetation growth. These walls typically use a range of proprietary facing 04/10/2016В В· In this video I show you exactly how to build a retaining wall with landscape blocks. You'll learn how to design your retaining wall, the tools you need, how to build it step by step, and even

LOCK+LOAD allows full compaction all the way to the face of the wall, maximizing usable space. Well engineered, concrete solutions. Created in 1984, Lock-Blockв„ў concrete units were the first of Lock-Block Ltd's products to feature their signature proprietary interlocking key design, establishing the company as a leader in pre-cast concrete block retaining wall systems.

Our precast concrete retaining wall blocks play a central role in the retaining walls that we design and manufacture. Shea Concrete’s high-performing precast concrete retaining wall systems stand tall in New England’s active climate, and because of their durability, remain a staple of our concrete products. This manual presents the techniques used by Allan Block in our engineering practice to design retaining walls. It is not intended as a textbook of soil mechanics or geotechnical engineering. The methods we use are based on time tested soil mechanics and the principles of dry stacked block which have existed for thousands of years. Manufactured

Design and Construction Manual . At ReCon, we are proud of our tradition of offering a big block retaining wall product line that adds value for our customers, and for our retaining wall design and retaining wall contractor partners. Whether the ReCon application focuses on the scale and aesthetics of the ReCon Block, the durability of the wet Redi-Rock retaining walls are a proven, engineered solution for building erosion control walls, shoreline protection and storm channel walls, retaining walls for highways and bridges, and much more.

Insulated Concrete Forms ICFs for Amazing Buildings: Technical data for design and construction of Quad-Lock Insulated Concrete Forms ICF -resilient and sustainable building made easy Lock + Load is wet cast manufactured panel made with 5500 psi, 6% air entrained, fiber/steel reinforced concrete and when the counterfort is attached, produces the largest manual installed retaining wall system. Recycled forms produce high quality panels, corners, and trim units to guarantee dimensionally accurate units during each

block retaining wall design manual home design ideas cheap block with regard to retaining wall blocks design Retaining wall blocks design Allan Block has all the products, colors, ideas and resources you need to design and build retaining walls for homeowners, contractors, designers and engineers.

come to trust – Allan Block. With the same plan, design and build process as the other Allan Block retaining wall systems, you can now have AB Fieldstone. The most innovative Green, Natural and Friendly product on the market. AB Fieldstone Typical Reinforced Wall Cross Section allanblock.com 84 block retaining wall design manual home design ideas cheap block with regard to retaining wall blocks design Retaining wall blocks design

The GreenLock manufacturers are strategically placed in all the major centers in South Africa and Namibia. We constantly strive to increase our manufacturing bases of … Design & Construction Manuals. The Keystone Construction Manual was developed as a tool to aide in the design and construction of Keystone structural products including Keystone Standard units, Keystone Compac units, Keystone Century Wall and Keystone Country Manor. Click on any link below to download a specific section of the manual.

Lock-Block Ltd.

Lock block wall design manual

Criblockв„ў Home. 4.1 Design of Reinforced Concrete Masonry Structures. a silent workhorse that encompasses reinforced concrete block and concrete block veneer, along with concrete block paving and flagstone paving for pedestrian walkways. The Concrete Masonry Manual, which was created in the late 1970s as a guide to the design and construction of concrete masonry, has been updated and is available in, Interlock Concrete Products is a popular brand of premium hardscape products for commercial, governmental, and residential applications. Our pavers, walls, site furnishings, tiles, edgers, and outdoor living features provide functionality and beauty to your outdoor living area..

Installation Tips Versa-Lok

How To Build a Retaining Wall (Step-by-Step) YouTube. Foundation.All concrete block walls must rest on a sturdy foundation of poured concrete. The depth and size of the foundation will vary depending on the size of the concrete block wall and the weight it must support, but a typical freestanding wall requires a foundation that is about twice as wide as the wall itself and which extends about 1 foot down below the frost line., Retaining Wall Design and Installation Guides Our Design & Installation Guides for VERSA-LOK Standard and MosaicВ® systems are available in downloadable PDF format and as printed manuals. Important: Walls that support heavy loads or exceed four feet in height require special soil reinforcement and often professionally engineered designs. Please.

Steps to consider to design a large or commercial retaining wall. Building a reinforced retaining wall requires advanced planning and careful layout at the job site.. Check Your Materials. Cross check the block delivered for color, style and setback, and confirm … Design & Construction Manuals. The Keystone Construction Manual was developed as a tool to aide in the design and construction of Keystone structural products including Keystone Standard units, Keystone Compac units, Keystone Century Wall and Keystone Country Manor. Click on any link below to download a specific section of the manual.

20/06/2016 · Step by Step Retaining Wall Instructions. Basing, Building and Backfilling.We cover the Critical steps for a loooong Lasting successful project. Heres the … Segmental Retaining Walls Best Practices Guide Table of Contents 1 contained within NCMA’s Design Manual for Segmental Retaining Walls (Ref. 1), but are equally applicable regardless of the design methodology selected. The creation of this resource was driven by the establishment of NCMA’s Zero Failures Initiative; an industry-wide program to educate owners, designers, site civil

Australian owned, manufactured and designed. LOC-A-BLOC Classic Feature Retaining Walls. Retaining wall blocks, marine walls.Offices in Sydney and Newcastle NSW Freestanding Walls, Columns, and Vertical Walls 6 6348 Hwy. 36, Suite 1 Oakdale, MN 55128 (651) 770-3166 (800) 770-4525 (651) 770-4089 fax www.versa-lok.com TECHNICAL BULLETIN This Technical Bulletin is the sixth in a series of informational papers that provide specific application ideas and installation tips for VERSA-LOKВ® Retaining Wall

Design and Construction Manual . At ReCon, we are proud of our tradition of offering a big block retaining wall product line that adds value for our customers, and for our retaining wall design and retaining wall contractor partners. Whether the ReCon application focuses on the scale and aesthetics of the ReCon Block, the durability of the wet Design Software. Innovative in more ways than one – Introducing our Verti-Block Analysis Software, the smart tool that completes your Verti-Block wall.

LOCK+LOAD allows full compaction all the way to the face of the wall, maximizing usable space. Well engineered, concrete solutions. Created in 1984, Lock-Blockв„ў concrete units were the first of Lock-Block Ltd's products to feature their signature proprietary interlocking key design, establishing the company as a leader in pre-cast concrete block retaining wall systems.

Precast Concrete Retaining Wall Systems. 2 IntRoduCtIon This manual provides guidance on material selection, manufac- turing techniques, testing and installation to attain structurally sound, precast retaining wall systems and related components for precast retaining wall systems. It is not intended for use as a regulatory code or minimum design standard, but rather as an aid to manufacturers The Verti-Block retaining wall system brings intelligent design and beautiful craftsmanship together like never before. Get a Quote Design Your Wall Home Owners & Residential. Get More Info. With a range of stunning stone texture designs to choose from, our retaining wall systems are built to enhance your landscape and your home.

Interlock Concrete Products is a popular brand of premium hardscape products for commercial, governmental, and residential applications. Our pavers, walls, site furnishings, tiles, edgers, and outdoor living features provide functionality and beauty to your outdoor living area. LOCK+LOAD allows full compaction all the way to the face of the wall, maximizing usable space.

4.1 Design of Reinforced Concrete Masonry Structures. a silent workhorse that encompasses reinforced concrete block and concrete block veneer, along with concrete block paving and flagstone paving for pedestrian walkways. The Concrete Masonry Manual, which was created in the late 1970s as a guide to the design and construction of concrete masonry, has been updated and is available in Redi-Rock retaining walls are a proven, engineered solution for building erosion control walls, shoreline protection and storm channel walls, retaining walls for highways and bridges, and much more.

retaining wall systems. Precast structures are modular, can fit any design situation, are produced in a quality-controlled environ-ment and are ready to install immediately upon arrival at the job site. Precast retaining wall components are easily produced to be durable during storage and transportation, easy to … Australian owned, manufactured and designed. LOC-A-BLOC Classic Feature Retaining Walls. Retaining wall blocks, marine walls.Offices in Sydney and Newcastle NSW

Allan Block has all the products, colors, ideas and resources you need to design and build retaining walls for homeowners, contractors, designers and engineers. Precast Concrete Retaining Wall Systems. 2 IntRoduCtIon This manual provides guidance on material selection, manufac- turing techniques, testing and installation to attain structurally sound, precast retaining wall systems and related components for precast retaining wall systems. It is not intended for use as a regulatory code or minimum design standard, but rather as an aid to manufacturers

Ultrablock concrete blocks are big, precast blocks used in various applications including gravity walls, MSE (geo-grid) walls, seawalls, bio-swales, etc. This manual presents the techniques used by Allan Block in our engineering practice to design retaining walls. It is not intended as a textbook of soil mechanics or geotechnical engineering. The methods we use are based on time tested soil mechanics and the principles of dry stacked block which have existed for thousands of years. Manufactured

Design Software. Innovative in more ways than one – Introducing our Verti-Block Analysis Software, the smart tool that completes your Verti-Block wall. Retaining Wall Design and Installation Guides Our Design & Installation Guides for VERSA-LOK Standard and Mosaic® systems are available in downloadable PDF format and as printed manuals. Important: Walls that support heavy loads or exceed four feet in height require special soil reinforcement and often professionally engineered designs. Please

Steps to consider to design a large or commercial retaining wall. Building a reinforced retaining wall requires advanced planning and careful layout at the job site.. Check Your Materials. Cross check the block delivered for color, style and setback, and confirm … Insulated Concrete Forms ICFs for Amazing Buildings: Technical data for design and construction of Quad-Lock Insulated Concrete Forms ICF -resilient and sustainable building made easy

come to trust – Allan Block. With the same plan, design and build process as the other Allan Block retaining wall systems, you can now have AB Fieldstone. The most innovative Green, Natural and Friendly product on the market. AB Fieldstone Typical Reinforced Wall Cross Section allanblock.com 84 Our precast concrete retaining wall blocks play a central role in the retaining walls that we design and manufacture. Shea Concrete’s high-performing precast concrete retaining wall systems stand tall in New England’s active climate, and because of their durability, remain a staple of our concrete products.

Unilock

Lock block wall design manual

Retaining Wall Guidelines nanaimo.ca. VERSA-LOK provides the best value in segmental retaining wall solutions for everything from intricate landscaping features to tall, commercial walls. VERSA-LOK retaining wall units offer a pleasing appearance and endless design options, while also delivering the most cost-effective and stable retaining wall …, Insulated Concrete Forms ICFs for Amazing Buildings: Technical data for design and construction of Quad-Lock Insulated Concrete Forms ICF -resilient and sustainable building made easy.

Resources Keystone Retaining Wall Systems

Lock block wall design manual

Insulated Concrete Forms (ICF) Technical Library. Steps to consider to design a large or commercial retaining wall. Building a reinforced retaining wall requires advanced planning and careful layout at the job site.. Check Your Materials. Cross check the block delivered for color, style and setback, and confirm … https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lock_(water_transport) 20/06/2016 · Step by Step Retaining Wall Instructions. Basing, Building and Backfilling.We cover the Critical steps for a loooong Lasting successful project. Heres the ….

Lock block wall design manual

  • Lock-Block Ltd. Blocks
  • Pacific Lock + Load – Superior Retaining Wall System
  • Concrete Block Retaining Wall Systems Adbri Masonry

  • LOCK+LOAD allows full compaction all the way to the face of the wall, maximizing usable space. Table of Contents Segmental Retaining Walls Best Practices Guide. 2 Segmental Retaining Walls Best Practices Guide Segmental Retaining Walls Best Practices Guide for the Specification, Design, Construction, and Inspection of SRW Systems About NCMA Acknowledgments The National Concrete Masonry Association (NCMA) is an international trade association representing producers and …

    Segmental Retaining Walls Best Practices Guide Table of Contents 1 contained within NCMA’s Design Manual for Segmental Retaining Walls (Ref. 1), but are equally applicable regardless of the design methodology selected. The creation of this resource was driven by the establishment of NCMA’s Zero Failures Initiative; an industry-wide program to educate owners, designers, site civil Retaining Wall Design and Installation Guides Our Design & Installation Guides for VERSA-LOK Standard and Mosaic® systems are available in downloadable PDF format and as printed manuals. Important: Walls that support heavy loads or exceed four feet in height require special soil reinforcement and often professionally engineered designs. Please

    04/10/2016В В· In this video I show you exactly how to build a retaining wall with landscape blocks. You'll learn how to design your retaining wall, the tools you need, how to build it step by step, and even Concrete retaining wall blocks are easy to install and ideal for building soil retaining walls, reclaiming sloped land, reducing erosion and even creating feature garden walls, planter boxes and veggie patches. Concrete masonry is durable, hard wearing and not prone to rotting. For your next DIY project browse our selection of interlocking blocks, garden walls and link blocks available from

    Foundation.All concrete block walls must rest on a sturdy foundation of poured concrete. The depth and size of the foundation will vary depending on the size of the concrete block wall and the weight it must support, but a typical freestanding wall requires a foundation that is about twice as wide as the wall itself and which extends about 1 foot down below the frost line. Well engineered, concrete solutions. Created in 1984, Lock-Blockв„ў concrete units were the first of Lock-Block Ltd's products to feature their signature proprietary interlocking key design, establishing the company as a leader in pre-cast concrete block retaining wall systems.

    Segmental Retaining Walls Best Practices Guide Table of Contents 1 contained within NCMA’s Design Manual for Segmental Retaining Walls (Ref. 1), but are equally applicable regardless of the design methodology selected. The creation of this resource was driven by the establishment of NCMA’s Zero Failures Initiative; an industry-wide program to educate owners, designers, site civil Our precast concrete retaining wall blocks play a central role in the retaining walls that we design and manufacture. Shea Concrete’s high-performing precast concrete retaining wall systems stand tall in New England’s active climate, and because of their durability, remain a staple of our concrete products.

    20/06/2016 · Step by Step Retaining Wall Instructions. Basing, Building and Backfilling.We cover the Critical steps for a loooong Lasting successful project. Heres the … Freestanding Walls, Columns, and Vertical Walls 6 6348 Hwy. 36, Suite 1 Oakdale, MN 55128 (651) 770-3166 (800) 770-4525 (651) 770-4089 fax www.versa-lok.com TECHNICAL BULLETIN This Technical Bulletin is the sixth in a series of informational papers that provide specific application ideas and installation tips for VERSA-LOK® Retaining Wall

    Retaining Wall Design and Installation Guides Our Design & Installation Guides for VERSA-LOK Standard and MosaicВ® systems are available in downloadable PDF format and as printed manuals. Important: Walls that support heavy loads or exceed four feet in height require special soil reinforcement and often professionally engineered designs. Please Ultrablock concrete blocks are big, precast blocks used in various applications including gravity walls, MSE (geo-grid) walls, seawalls, bio-swales, etc.

    Interlock Concrete Products is a popular brand of premium hardscape products for commercial, governmental, and residential applications. Our pavers, walls, site furnishings, tiles, edgers, and outdoor living features provide functionality and beauty to your outdoor living area. Segmental Retaining Walls Best Practices Guide Table of Contents 1 contained within NCMA’s Design Manual for Segmental Retaining Walls (Ref. 1), but are equally applicable regardless of the design methodology selected. The creation of this resource was driven by the establishment of NCMA’s Zero Failures Initiative; an industry-wide program to educate owners, designers, site civil

    Allan Block has all the products, colors, ideas and resources you need to design and build retaining walls for homeowners, contractors, designers and engineers. Lock + Load is wet cast manufactured panel made with 5500 psi, 6% air entrained, fiber/steel reinforced concrete and when the counterfort is attached, produces the largest manual installed retaining wall system. Recycled forms produce high quality panels, corners, and trim units to guarantee dimensionally accurate units during each

    LOCK+LOAD allows full compaction all the way to the face of the wall, maximizing usable space. Boral manufactures and supplies concrete masonry products in Australia and is recognized as a leading supplier in the paving, landscaping and retaining wall markets with industry-leading range of concrete block and retaining wall products.

    Sensational Design Block Retaining Wall Design Manual 5 Tips For An Everlasting Stunning Block Retaining Wall is one of pictures fress new cars that are related with the picture before in the collection gallery. The exactly dimension of Sensational Design Block Retaining Wall Design Manual 5 Tips For An Everlasting Stunning Block Retaining Wall was 1246x806 pixels. The GreenLock manufacturers are strategically placed in all the major centers in South Africa and Namibia. We constantly strive to increase our manufacturing bases of …

    Our precast concrete retaining wall blocks play a central role in the retaining walls that we design and manufacture. Shea Concrete’s high-performing precast concrete retaining wall systems stand tall in New England’s active climate, and because of their durability, remain a staple of our concrete products. Datapath's Wall Designer is the perfect solution to creating and managing an entire display project. Created to work seamlessly with Datapath's Fx4, Fx4-SDI and Hx4 Multi-display Controllers. Wall Designer allows project builders to easily design complex displays of all sizes and configurations.

    Retaining Wall Design Charts . The design charts provided by ReCon are an excellent guide to quickly determine the wall height capabilities of the ReCon system in varying site and soil conditions. Download them and use them as a reference guide. Redi-Rock retaining walls are a proven, engineered solution for building erosion control walls, shoreline protection and storm channel walls, retaining walls for highways and bridges, and much more.

    Concrete retaining wall blocks are easy to install and ideal for building soil retaining walls, reclaiming sloped land, reducing erosion and even creating feature garden walls, planter boxes and veggie patches. Concrete masonry is durable, hard wearing and not prone to rotting. For your next DIY project browse our selection of interlocking blocks, garden walls and link blocks available from The GreenLock manufacturers are strategically placed in all the major centers in South Africa and Namibia. We constantly strive to increase our manufacturing bases of …

    Boral manufactures and supplies concrete masonry products in Australia and is recognized as a leading supplier in the paving, landscaping and retaining wall markets with industry-leading range of concrete block and retaining wall products. Steps to consider to design a large or commercial retaining wall. Building a reinforced retaining wall requires advanced planning and careful layout at the job site.. Check Your Materials. Cross check the block delivered for color, style and setback, and confirm …